HPD, ECB, DOB Violations

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What are violations and who issues them?

Violations in New York City can encompass a wide range of infractions, including traffic violations, building code violations, health code violations, noise violations, and many others.These violations can be issued by various city agencies and departments, depending on the nature of the violation. In the context of real estate in New York City, violations can pertain to a variety of issues.

Some common types of real estate violations are in reference to building codes, housing maintenance codes, occupancy, zoning, environmental, and tenant harassment.

New York City Department of Housing Preservation and Development (HPD), Department of Buildings (DOB), and Environmental Control Board (ECB) are responsible for issuing many of these violations. These are just a few examples of the types of real estate violations that can occur in New York City, and the agencies responsible for issuing them. Depending on the nature of the violation, penalties can range from fines to orders to correct the violation or even legal action.

Department of Building violations

The Department of Buildings (DOB) is responsible for regulating the construction, alteration, and occupancy of buildings in the city to ensure the safety of occupants and the public. The Department of Buildings issues violations for a wide range of infractions related to building codes and regulations. Some common types of violations issued by the DOB include:

  1. Building Code Violations: These violations pertain to non-compliance with the New York City Building Code, which governs construction, alteration, and occupancy of buildings. Examples include failure to obtain proper permits, construction work performed without approval, or unsafe building conditions.

  2. Zoning Violations: Zoning violations involve non-compliance with the city’s zoning regulations, which dictate how properties can be used and developed. This can include issues such as building in violation of setback requirements, exceeding allowable floor area ratios, or operating a business in a zone where it is not permitted.

  3. Occupancy Violations: Occupancy violations relate to illegal or unauthorized use or occupancy of a property. This can include converting a residential unit into an illegal dwelling, operating a business without proper permits, or exceeding occupancy limits.

  4. Safety Violations: Safety violations involve conditions that pose a risk to the health or safety of occupants or the public. This can include issues such as inadequate fire protection systems, unsafe structural conditions, or failure to maintain essential safety features.

  5. Construction Violations: These violations relate to violations of construction-related regulations, such as failure to comply with approved plans, improper installation of building systems, or failure to provide required inspections during construction.

The Department of Buildings conducts inspections of buildings and construction sites, responds to complaints from the public, and issues violations when necessary to enforce compliance with building codes and regulations. Violations issued by the DOB may result in fines, orders to correct the violation, or other enforcement actions.

Department of Housing Preservation and Development Violations

New York City Department of Housing Preservation and Development is the city agency responsible for promoting the quality and affordability of housing in New York City. HPD works to enforce housing codes, improve living conditions, and facilitate the development of affordable housing.

Some of the key responsibilities of HPD include:

  1. Enforcing Housing Codes: HPD is responsible for enforcing the New York City Housing Maintenance Code, which sets standards for the maintenance and safety of residential buildings. This includes addressing issues such as lack of heat or hot water, mold, vermin infestation, and lead-based paint hazards.

  2. Affordable Housing Development: HPD works to create and preserve affordable housing opportunities for low- and moderate-income New Yorkers. This includes administering programs to finance the construction and rehabilitation of affordable housing developments, as well as providing subsidies and incentives to developers.

  3. Tenant Protection: HPD works to protect tenants from harassment, illegal evictions, and other forms of landlord abuse. The agency operates programs to educate tenants about their rights and provides assistance to those facing housing-related legal issues.

  4. Code Enforcement: HPD conducts inspections of residential buildings to ensure compliance with housing codes and other regulations. Inspections may be triggered by complaints from tenants or neighbors, as well as through proactive enforcement efforts.

  5. Homeownership Assistance: HPD administers programs to help New Yorkers purchase and maintain homes, including down payment assistance programs, home repair loans, and foreclosure prevention counseling.

Environmental Control Board Violations

ECB stands for Environmental Control Board in New York City. The Environmental Control Board is an administrative tribunal that adjudicates violations of various city laws and regulations related to environmental, health, and safety issues.

The ECB issues violations for a wide range of infractions, including but not limited to:

  1. Noise Violations: ECB issues violations for excessive noise levels from construction activities, vehicles, or other sources that violate the city’s noise code.

  2. Sanitation Violations: Violations related to improper disposal of trash, littering, failure to maintain clean premises, or violations of the city’s sanitation code.

  3. Building Code Violations: Some building code violations that do not fall under the jurisdiction of the Department of Buildings may be adjudicated by the ECB. These could include violations related to illegal conversions, occupancy without a permit, or failure to maintain buildings in a safe condition.

  4. Environmental Violations: ECB adjudicates violations related to environmental regulations, such as illegal dumping, improper disposal of hazardous materials, or violations of air or water quality standards.

  5. Health Code Violations: ECB may issue violations for violations of the city’s health code, such as unsanitary conditions in food establishments, failure to maintain proper hygiene standards, or violations of regulations related to public health and safety.

  6. Quality of Life Violations: ECB may handle violations related to quality of life issues, such as graffiti, illegal signage, or other infractions that impact the aesthetics and livability of neighborhoods.

These are just a few examples of the types of violations that may be adjudicated by the Environmental Control Board. The ECB conducts hearings where respondents have an opportunity to contest the violations and present evidence in their defense. Penalties for violations adjudicated by the ECB can include fines, orders to correct the violation, or other enforcement actions.

removing violations

Removing violations issued by the Department of Buildings (DOB), Environmental Control Board (ECB), and the Department of Housing Preservation and Development (HPD) typically involves a process of addressing the underlying issues, correcting any violations, and potentially attending hearings or working with the respective agencies to resolve the matter. In order to remove the violations, the following steps are generally taken: 

Understand the Violations

Address the Issues

Obtain Necessary Permits

Correct the Violations

Attend Hearings (if necessary)

Negotiate Settlements (if possible)

Follow Up

Keep in mind that the process for removing violations can vary depending on the specific circumstances and the requirements of the agencies involved. It’s important to carefully review all notices, communicate effectively with the agencies, and seek professional assistance if needed to navigate the process effectively.Working with a professional agency or consultant is beneficial when attempting to remove violations issued by agencies such as the Department of Buildings (DOB), Environmental Control Board (ECB), and Department of Housing Preservation and Development (HPD).

Stonecore Inc brings over 15 years of expertise and experience to the table, navigating the complexities of city regulations and providing valuable guidance on effectively addressing violations and achieving compliance. With up-to-date knowledge of ever-evolving regulations, Stonecore can ensure violations are tackled in accordance with current requirements, streamlining the removal process and expediting resolution. Acting as advocates, we can attend hearings, negotiate settlements, and minimize penalties by ensuring timely compliance, offering peace of mind and a higher likelihood of a successful outcome. Our involvement simplifies the process, reduces stress, and enhances the chances of resolution.